Reported Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Direct Speech | Indirect Speech
Tense Change | Time Change | Pronoun Change
Reporting Verbs | Use of 'That'
We often have to give information about what people say or think. In order to do this you can use direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. Direct Speech / Quoted Speech Saying exactly what someone has said is called direct speech (sometimes called quoted speech) Here what a person says appears within quotation marks ("...") and should be word for word. For example: She said, "Today's lesson is on presentations." or "Today's lesson is on presentations", she said. Indirect Speech / Reported Speech Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn't use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn't have to be word for word. When reporting speech the tense usually changes. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. For example: Direct speech Indirect speech "I'm going to the cinema", he said. He said he was going to the cinema. Tense change As a rule when you report something someone has said you go back a tense: (the tense on the left changes to the tense on the right):
Direct speech e vorbire a directa gen"how are you,Andrew?-"i'm fine,thanks,Mary.
Transformam acum acest direct speech in indirect speech(=vorbire indirecta):Mary asked Andrew how is he,and he answered he is fine.
Este simplu,ca in romana:"Ma duc la scoala-a zis andrei.-vorbire directa
                                           Andrei a zis ca se Duce la scoàla-vorbire indirecta.

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